are generally from game Birds such as Grey Partridge, Grouse,
Snipe, Woodcock and waterhen plus some rarer species including
Golden Plover and Brown / Tawny Owl. Also, hackles from birds
such as Jackdaw, Starling and Hen are used.
The number of turns of hackle are
important - just two turns maximum. Again, many commercially
tied "Spiders" are far too overdressed!
only exception is when hackling with Hen where three turns
is the norm as the barbs on Hen hackles are thinner than those
found on Game birds.
If the recipe calls for dubbing, this is generally
VERY sparse - using Mole or Hares' Ear - the intention being
that the underlying silk / thread can show through the dubbing